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Operating principle of current transformer

Operating principle of current transformer

2021-09-28

Current transformer is a simple component that can accurately measure and communicate AC current, which is made according to the principle of magnetic effect of current.


The key of the current transformer is to convert the large current in the communication AC circuit into a certain proportion of the small current (in our country, it is 5 A fold Shinzo) for accurate measurement and the use of relay protection devices. Everyone should understand that in the whole process of power generation, transformers, power transmission and distribution, and power distribution equipment, because of the different power consumption of machinery and equipment, the current is usually from tens of amperes to tens of thousands of amperes, and this kind of circuit It will also follow the pressure. So in order to monitor and accurately measure the circuits of this route, and to deal with the risks of high voltage and high current, current transformers must be used at this time. Some people will have seen the clamp meter used by electric welders. It is a kind of equipment used to accurately measure and communicate AC current. Which "clamp" of it is a through-core current transformer.

current transformer

The current transformer can be used to expand the measuring range of the communication AC ammeter. In application, its primary coil should be connected in series with the load route of the measured current, and the secondary solenoid coil should be connected in series with the ammeter to form a closed loop, as shown in the circuit diagram on the right.


Because I1/I2=Ki (Ki is called the converter ratio) so I1=KiI2


For safety, one end of the secondary coil of the current transformer and the shell must be grounded.


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